There is a dearth of clinical knowledge and expertise in the slowly yet surely evolving field of Transgender Medicine as only lately most practicing physicians have honestly acknowledged that they know little or next to nothing about Transitioning for these patients. But many enthusiastic and honest professionals are starting to study the clinical challenges posed by these patients and trying some specific, practical steps.
Considering that Transgender people are usually receiving treatment with exogenous hormones that alter their metabolism, the established treatment protocols might not be entirely appropriate and they must be adjusted. Moreover since the hormonal schedules are often changed in composition and dosage, the treatment of chronic ailments must be adjusted accordingly.
The use of Testosterone in the female to male transitioning schedule could worsen a previously existing endometrial neoplasia. The use of estrogens in the male to female transitioning schedule can stimulate the appearance of blood clots. The use of hormones can affect chronic neurological diseases like Epilepsy. Some studies have suggested that there is negative interaction of Estrogen with antiepileptic drugs but its extent has not been established. The control of seizures becomes more difficult as new hormones are added.Transgender people have a higher rate of HIV infections and use retro-viral medication, which can interact with the hormones in still unforeseen ways.
Sadly one of the commonest reactions of clinicians who encounter treatment difficulties in their Transgender patients is that they must immediately stop the use of hormones until further notice. The subconscious in their minds still resists the idea that Transgender people are different and they need their hormonal treatments to become fully identified with their gender of choice. The only way to surpass this obstacle is to maintain good communications between the clinicians and the experts managing the hormonal treatments. Trans patients occasionally complain that some drugs are promoting a faster metabolic degradation of the hormones in their livers, for which they cannot benefit from their full metabolic effects in their Transitioning protocols. Instead of just dismissing those complaints, physicians should find solutions.
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