1200px-Juan_Manuel_Blanes_-_Un_episodio_de_la_fiebre_amarilla_en_Buenos_Aires

“L’Historia si può veramente definire una guerra illustre contro il Tempo, perché togliendoli di mano gl’anni suoi prigionieri, anzi già fatti cadaveri, li richiama in vita, li passa in rassegna, e li schiera di nuovo in battaglia.” [i]

“I promessi Sposi” Alessandro Manzoni [2]

With those prophetic words, Alessando Manzone introduced his seminal novel titled The Betrothal in the early part of the 19th century; it is considered the first—and for many still the most important—literary work in the modern Italian Language. This novel was set in Northern Italy—where the brunt of the Coronavirus infestation is underway in the Italian peninsula—in 1628, during the Bourbon occupation of Italy. The central theme is the love story of Lucia and Renzo and their unwavering faith in the redeeming value of strong emotional bonding; after many, varied vicissitudes (spoiler alert) they eventually marry at the end. In fact our dear Pope Francis has recommended the novel to the couples that were entertaining the idea of marriage.

Lucia and Renzo were a couple living in a small Lombard village that were planning their wedding for November 8, 1628. On the eve of that ceremony the parish priest was cornered by two goons sent by Don Rodrigo—a powerful padrone padrino[3]who covets the affection of Luciathat ordered him to suspend it. Fearful of them, the priest does suspend it and recommends that the two lovers should leave the village. Agnese, Renzo’s mother, warned the couple not to return home and escorted them to a monastery; the friar gave a letter of introduction for a Milanese friar to Renzo and another one to the two women for a monastery in Monza. They fled right away.

When Renzo arrived in Milano, the city was in turmoil due to a grave famine, which was aggravated by the end of the Thirty Years War[4] as German Armies engaged in a devastating looting campaign across the peninsula. In 1630 a plague ravaged Northern Italy and three chapters of the book are dedicated to that human drama. Eventually Renzo can return to his village and meet again for his beloved bride. This love story is surrounded by the social and political mayhem of the times, especially the deep hatred of the local population against the invading armies and their puppets.

In this novel and similar ones that put a quasi-biblical catastrophe like a pandemic in their plots, the same question arises again and again: Is this God’s punishment? We must unequivocally answer that this and other pandemics were not provoked by divine intervention as a form of brutal punishment for our sins (real and imaginary) They were provoked by the ignorance and arrogance of humans in their interactions with Nature. This pandemic in particular was provoked by the negligence of Chinese officials.

In Ancient Times, the population of Central China could afford the ingestion and/or use of some abhorrent creatures like rats, serpents, bats, pangolins, etc.; if they contracted any of these diseases, the contagion was limited to their geographic area. There was not a ready access to all the points of the planet with aerial connections. And let us talk clearly: life was extremely cheap for the peasant masses at the time.

When you encroach in the natural habitat of wild animals and you put them in cages in a market located in an extremely dense city with superb connections to the World, you have to consider the real possibility that there could be a Public Health threat. Any of those isolated agents will readily jump from one animal to the other in close proximity and eventually attack the human handlers that so carelessly caged them. This human tragedy has been produced by the sheer stupidity of human traffickers and the irresponsible supervision of the sanitary authorities in the city of Wuhan.

Will the government of Premier Xi finally close down these “live animals” markets? The Chinese leadership should not pander to the superstitious beliefs of hinterland people—who use material from these creatures for amulets and the like—and do the right thing for the millions of innocent citizens that are living with proper sanitary standards.

As Italian citizens, we are very grateful for the generous sanitary help that the Chinese government has given us to combat the grave epidemic in Lombardy. Unlike the rest of Europe—that has largely ignored the Italian plight—the Chinese have sent, not only protective materials, but also Public Health experts and medical personnel in the past few days. Moreover they are sharing their epidemiological data with other governments, including the American one and its many specialized agencies. Thank you very much.

In these terrible times we must snatch our dear dead ancestors from the jaws of Time and “resuscitate them” so we can recruit them in our fight against this deadly enemy. We must listen to their experiences and how they managed to survive those terrible plagues. Strict social distancing and meticulous personal hygiene are of paramount importance.

The featured image of this article is a reproduction of the tableau La Peste by the Uruguayan painter Juan Manuel Blanes; it depicts a scene of the Yellow Fever of 1871 in the city of Buenos Aires. A police report of that time stated that the victim was an Italian woman called Ana Brisitiani that lived in a large tenement in the Balcarce street of the city center. The two depicted gentlemen that enter her room were Dr. Roque Perez, a lawyer, and Dr. Manuel Argerich, a physician. They found her long dead with her baby at her side, trying to get a response. A few weeks later these two Good Samaritans would fall victim to the plague too. In only ten months, 10% of the city population (16,000 people) died of Yellow Fever. After that pandemic, the Argentine authorities decided to modernize the city by building an efficient waste disposal system for all quarters.

That is the crux of the matter. The native ruling classes (the landed gentry, the business owners and the politicians) had found out that their relative distance from the city center (they lived mostly in the then southern suburb of Montserrat) had not spared them from the disease. Then and now the only way to protect us from this kind of Public Health tragedy is to benefit everybody in the process of modern public infrastructure. This must ring especially true for countries with a great rich-poor disparity like Brazil and India that should invest more heavily to pull more millions of people out of misery.

We salute all our Health Care professionals and First Responders that are fulfilling their great duty to take care of the population, especially in the hard-stricken Italy and USA.

Gli ringraziamo per vostro sacrificio, Thank you very much for your sacrifice.

Stay distant. Stay safe. Stay beautiful.

(This article is based on our upcoming new book Emotional Frustration – the hushed plague)

What do you think?

Please tell us. Don’t leave me alone.

References

[i] “History can really be defined as an enlightened war against Time, snatching from its hands all those that were taken prisoner, in fact corpses already, to reclaim them for life, pass them in review and then send them in formation to the battlefield.”

Our translation.

[2] Alessandro Manzoni, I promessi sposi, 1840, Edita da guidaebook.com, 2010.

[3] In the Italian language “padrone” refers to an authoritarian boss and “padrino” to a godfather for the christening ceremony. Of course the latter has been extended to the chief and mastermind of a Cosa Nostra organization.

[4] https://history.com/topics/reformation/thirty-years-war

15 thoughts on “Is this pandemic a divine punishment for our sins?

  1. Good Morning Dr, Sahib,

    Indeed a superb write-up. The Novel you have mentioned have some element of truth and is a learning experience for us all. Lucia and Renzo, the character of this book are really impressive in their character orientation and become an example for us to follow.

    I too am very concerned about the deaths in Italy despite the fact that Italy has the second best medical and hygiene standard. Those who had done something in their old-age had everything done in their lives. But those who had gone unsung and had not seen their lives just without experiencing their lives is a huge tragedy and waste of lives.

    The Nature punishes the people who flout the laws of Nature but there are the other people who have not done anything also become victim, that is a huge tragedy. But things stand out that those who act just opposite to the Nature’s norms meet their end just the way it has been happening. Nature is termed as SHAKTI (Goddess Parvati has been associated with Lord SHIVA and both combine to form SHIVASHAKTI. They combine to look after the living world in this world and world beyond. Maa Kali too is not apart from SHKTI and those who act against the NATURE are punished. Anybody can escape from the reprisals from others but not from SHAKTI OR NATURE.

    Your topic is most relevant and worth emulation in these days of hardship which has been perpetrated by our own acts of omissions and commissions.

    WITH WARM REGARDS

    HARBANS

    1. Good morning and thank you very much for reading and appraising this article, my dear friend across the oceans. Indeed the loss of young lives and/or innocent people is a major tragedy; however, those that provoked this massive tragedy with their utter disdain for natural laws should be condemned. We hope that the authorities will take heed of the dire need to control this criminal behavior that concerns us all. Thank you very much for the lesson on Hinduism, which is in sync with our basic human values. Please do not adulate me so much as I simply love it (remember that the little monster of Vanity inside me keeps growing)
      A big hug. Arrivederci.

      1. Good Morning Dr. Sahib.

        Those who care fig for the lives of others should be pin-pointed and ostracized by the world community. The way the lives of several thoughts are put to risk, it really pains to a right thinking person. When appreciation for a good Karmic deed is done, it serves two purposes, firstly, others pick up the cue and they also start performing well since ‘appreciation’ is contagious – it too spreads and secondly when everybody around does Good Karmic deeds then they all earn Karmic credit.

        With warm regards

        HARBANS

      2. Good morning and thank you very much for your great commentary, my dear spiritual friend across the oceans. A big hug. Arrivederci.

      3. Good morning Dr. Sahib,

        Tomorrow is RAM NAVAMI (Birthday of LORD RAMA) and I have penned down an article on this while linking the same with today scenario.

        WITH WARM REGARDS

        HARBANS

      4. I just tried to access your main page and I could not scroll on the left side to chose the blog on “Lord Rama.” The page is taken by the blog “Mind and Spirit.” Please check it.

  2. > Is this God’s punishment? We must unequivocally answer that this and other pandemics were not provoked by divine intervention as a form of brutal punishment for our sins (real and imaginary) They were provoked by the ignorance and arrogance of humans in their interactions with Nature.

    I agree. While this might be the end of the world as we know it, it’s not the end of the world. It’s happened before and will happen again, and it’s not a punishment. It’s life and learning. I do hope we get this one figured out soon, though. Great post. Thank you for writing it.

    1. Good morning and thank you for your nice commentary, dear. Indeed we will have a much different world when this tragedy passes. How is it going to look? Is it going to be better? Next Saturday I will post an article on this subject. Un baccione. Arrivederci.

  3. Wow,! What a great article, Dad. I really want to read that Italian novel you mentioned. Congratulations on this one and your upcoming book, Your talent and dedication for good writing inspire me to follow in your footsteps so I can inject more vitality and gravity (gravitas) to my future film scripts. Please never change your hard-working approach to serious writing.
    With much love, your son Gian Luca.

    Giani.

    1. Thank you for your compliment, my dear son. I will pass you the digital edition of that book. Keep up the good work at your Creative Writing college courses. Forza. Un baccione.

Leave a Reply to Chrissie Cancel reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.